Castle of Fonterutoli in Castellina in Chianti
Historical site of the Mazzei family from the 1435 by well 24 generations, the village of Fonterutoli keeps its aspect of Medieval origin intact today. Its origins are ancient, attested by an Etruscan necropolis near the village and a Roman road that crosses it, the famous via Romea.
A small number of stone buildings, the church of San Miniato in the Piazza del Paese, the villa built at the end of the 1500, in place of the fortified castle, and all the charm of a place that has remained unchanged over time.
A Fonterutoli, historical Florentine rampart, we arrive from the Chiantigiana, the panoramic road that has always crossed the whole Chianti to connect Florence a Siena. Here are the rooms that make up the B & B Castello Fonterutoli in a kind of building hotel.
The B & B offers country-chic style rooms inspired by the colors of the Chianti, restored with the authentic taste of the Mazzei family. All rooms are located in the historic heart of the village and staying there offers an authentic experience.
The stone walls, the terracotta floors, the wooden beams, the large fireplaces, the warm and enveloping atmosphere, the view on the Tuscan countryside, the hills, the vineyards and the olive trees. From all this is surrounded by those who come to visit Fonterutoli; here, for centuries, the activity of wine production of Mazzei. The property counts all around the village 117 hectares of vineyards, and the grapes are vinified in the spectacular family cellar, dug into the rock and built by the architect Agnese Mazzei (open all year).
Already known in Etruscan times and later in Roman times with the toponym "Fons Rutolae" e "Fons Rutilant" it was considered as a resting and refreshment point for those traveling between Florence e Siena.
Since Roman times Fonterutoli it was an important village. From here the Via Romea passes, still today beaten by pilgrims from all over the world. Here Otto III, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, in the 998 ordered the possessions of the Church of Arezzo in the Siena Committee with deed. Always a Fonterutoli in the 1202 and 1208 the peace treaties were signed which defined the historical assignment of the Chianti to the territory of the Florentine Republic.
In this regard there is a popular legend according to which in the early thirteenth century the Podestà of Florence and Siena, worn down by the perennial Chiantigiana war, decided to entrust the definition of the borders to a race between two knights, who would have had to leave the first chant of the rooster, one from Florence and the other from Siena. At the meeting point the boundary would have been set. The Florentines chose a black, thin and hungry cockerel that sang continuously for hunger: this is why, on the morning of the race, the Florentine cockerel launched its song well before dawn, allowing the Florentine rider to leave with great advantage walk a long way before the meeting, which occurred almost in sight of Siena, just a Fonterutoli.
Legend or history, Florence brought its own border to Fonterutoli on the line of Castellina, Radda and Gaiole and constituted the Military and Administrative League of the Chianti assuming as an emblem the Black Rooster.
The first documents concerning the Mazzei - originating in the Carmignano wine area - are from the beginning of the eleventh century.
The oldest coat of arms of the family dates back to this period, with three wooden hammers, typical tools of the Masters Bottai and Dogai. Instead, it is in the fourteenth century that in the emblem appear the three iron clubs that are still listed today. From their origins, i Mazzei, carry out the activity of winegrowers and take an active part in the mercantile and professional life in Florence, coming to occupy important positions of government.
Ser Lapo Mazzei (1350-1412), winemaker in Carmignano and passionate about the art of wine, is Notary of the Florentine Lordship, Ambassador and Proconsul of the Art of Judges and Notaries. Ser Lapo Mazzei is also considered the "father" of the denomination Chianti: to him we owe the first known document on the use of the denomination, appeared in a commercial contract to his signature, dated 16 December 1398. "And to give 16 diciembre (1398), 3 fiorini 26 money 8 money 6 to Piero di Tino Riccio, for XNUMX barrels of Chianti wine ... .li said paghamo by letter of Ser Lapo Mazzei".
But it is to the niece of Ser Lapo Mazzei, Madonna Smeralda, married to Piero di Agnolo da Fonterutoli, that the Mazzei owe the ownership of Fonterutoli, transmitted from 1435 up to now, through 24 generations.
Services: charming hotels and wedding locations and events in the Chianti area
All year long a Fonterutoli you can visit the Mazzei winery, participating in guided tours o taste i wines in wine shop. We organize cooking class and, for kitchen lovers, theOsteria Fonterutoli offers Tuscan dishes authentic and made with high quality local ingredients, served in the country chic setting of the dining room or on the panoramic terrace overlooking the hills, between vine e trees.
Around Fonterutoli Possibility of excursions of all kinds, a horse, in bicycle, trekking important cities of art and historic villages are nearby.