The Castle of Marchierù in Villafranca Piemonte
Complex of buildings of the Twelfth century composed of Castle, From Chapel of the nobility, from the custodian's dependence, from the stables and from ancient farmhouse of Soave, originally of the Savoia Acaja with defensive characteristics and as such fortified; from the eighteenth century it became a residential residence, characterized in the inner courtyard by the use of colored horizontal bands in style neogothic.
Inside a boundary wall that surrounds it in its entirety, stands the nineteenth-century park with interesting plot of "broderie" in toposso box and suggestive corners dedicated to hydrangeas, peonies and roses that adorn paths that immerse themselves in the shade of ancient trees up to the modern swimming pool.
The Castle, from Savoia Acaja was always transferred by inheritance to some of the most ancient and prestigious Piedmontese houses, from Petitti ai Solaro del Macello, Up to conti Filippi di Baldissero and Prunas Tola Arnaud of San Salvatore, whose direct descendant is currently a resident owner.
The Dimora can be visited by small groups by appointment.
The history of the Castello di Marchierù
The places where Borgo Soave and Marchierù were located were always desired, and the very origin of the name is connected to “rotten”, wet; we are in fact in the area of the "fountains", places where the water from the groundwater reaches the surface forming crystalline and clean pools which remain at a constant temperature of 12/16 degrees throughout the year, allowing continuous temperate irrigation.
The other hypotheses on the etymology of the name of Marchierù appear less reliable. For some it could come from “Marca” as a borderland with the Marquisate of Saluzzo, as it actually was, but certainly there were never any “Marquises of Marchierù”.
The derivation from the ancient French "macheron" that is a pile of rubble, the result of the invasion of Frederick Barbarossa, would seem legendary.
The first lords of Marchierù were the Lords of Barge but, with an act of 11 March 1251, all their properties in Soave were transferred to Thomas II of Savoy.
The Acaja, with a residential castle in Villafranca, kept Marchierù for their descendants: so Filippo d'Acaja made it a dowry to his natural daughter Francesca, who married Antonio Bocchiardi.
From these the fief passed to the cousins Petitti, sons of Beatricina d'Acaja, who kept it until 1482.
In the 1483 Marchierù he returned to the House of Savoy, and was assigned half in fief to Filiberto, of the illegitimate branch of the Acaja-Racconigi. and half to his sister Claudia, wife of Besso Ferrero, Marquis of Masserano.
It was however a short lordship, since already in the 1640 the castle and its lands passed to the Counts Solaro del Macello through the Solaro di Moretta whose family belonged Ottavia, the bride of Filiberto d'Acaja.
Later, by succession, the castle passed to the Cacherano heirs of Osasco and the Filippi di Baldissero until in the 1827 Count Vittorio Ignazio Filippi di Baldissero redeemed the entire property (which towards the 1750 had been incorporated in Commenda of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta ) from the cousin Policarpo Cacherano from Osasco.
That of the Filippi family was an ancient family, dating back to Alineo, viscount d'Auriate in the 878, one of the most illustrious of Cavallermaggiore; from the earliest times they covered countless civic magistrates and were in the 1583 Decurions of Turin.
To this family belonged Vittorio Antonio, in the 1736 aide of Campo del Principe Eugenio di Savoia in the siege of Vienna, Field Marshal of Austria, Commander General of the Imperial Cavalry and commander of the Army of Hungary.
Who brought the feud of Marchierù to the ancient splendor was Carlo Alberto Filippi di Baldissero, bearer of Genoa Cavalleria in the First War of Independence, godson and page of King Carlo Alberto of Savoy, member of the Royal Academy of Agriculture of Turin, architect of important innovations in the agricultural field, emulation of the cousin and friend of Camillo Benso di Cavour who often stayed in Marchierù, until beginning work on the irrigation network of the countryside surrounding his properties, concluded by his son Enrico.
His mother was Maria Canera di Salasco, Court Lady of Queen Maria Teresa, sister of Count Carlo Canera di Salasco, Chief of Staff of the Piedmont Army who signed the armistice which took his name from him, with which the end of the first War of Independence.
Enrico married Maria Arnaud of San Salvatore, descending from two of the most important French families, the Richelieu and the Gallifet.
The last heir of the Filippi, Camilla, was married to Count Vittorio Prunas Tola, and then to their firstborn son Severino, also an Academic Agriculture, through which the castle and the estate were received by the current owners.
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