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Pietrabbondante Archaeological Area

Posted by user1131 on May 12, 2015
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The Archaeological Area of ​​PietrabbondanteIn the heart of the Sannio, is characterized by historical emergencies of considerable interest. The oldest testimonies dating back to the 5th century BC, are those of the kits returned from the necropolis in the locality troccola, on the western slopes of the Mount Saraceno. The summit of this mountain will be fortified with a wall in polygonal structure, connected to defense works placed at lower altitudes, at a time when the territory is equipped with defensive structures to oppose the Roman threat.

At this time (second half of the fourth century BC) began to frequent the place of worship, always near the archaeological area, in the locality Calcatello. The link between this sanctuary and the army appears from the earliest stages, as evidenced by the numerous weapons dedicated to the sacred area.

The place of worship testifies to a monumental arrangement in the 3rd century BC with the construction in the archaeological area of ​​the so-called ionic temple and a second arrangement at the beginning of the following century, following the destruction of Hannibal of the 217 BC, with the construction of the temple A.

Only between the end of the II and the beginning of the first century BC will the theater-temple complex (B) with a typical scheme of the Hellenistic age mediated by the Campanian and Latin environment. The last excavations in the archaeological area have investigated the area to the south-west of the monumental theater-temple complex, identifying the important one domus publica.

Not far from the archaeological area of ​​the sanctuary, in a territory probably still of its competence, has been identified the funerary monument of the Socellii family, of the second half of the first century BC: this family was in fact the owner of the sanctuary and its appurtenances, when, as a consequence of the social war, the sacred area was confiscated and given to private individuals.

Al 3rd century BC also belongs to the sanctuary in Colle Vernone, in the Verrino valley testified by the architectural elements of the building and a part of the altar with the inscription in osco dedicated to one of the Dioscuri.

Other areas of the territory frequented at this time are the area of ​​the current town of Pietrabbondante and Arco.

With the establishment of the municipal system, interests and activities of an administrative, social, economic and religious nature are concentrated in the municipality of Terventum, with the consequent depopulation and isolation of the higher and less accessible areas, including the current archaeological area.

Once the cult ceased, the buildings were abandoned and only partially reused, as shown by a monetary treasure of triumviral age, identified in a room of the left portico of the main temple.

The last attendance is had in the III-IV century AD with l 'sepulchral use the area of ​​the two porticos, followed by the destruction of the last buildings for a violent event, probably the earthquake of 346 AD

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