What is the landscape?
We have always been led to believe that the landscape is only the external aspect of what we see. Most of the time we only focus on the aesthetic aspect of a beautiful view of hills, mountains, valleys, stretches of coast and rivers. The aesthetic datum is only one of the aspects that we must consider; what are the causes that shaped the landscape we see? this is the first question we should ask ourselves. The answer to this question is almost always one: the actions of nature and man they give life to the landscape we are facing.
The man who overlaps nature gives life to landscape transformations; therefore we see forests turning into cultivated fields, hills filling with rows of vineyards or olive groves. In the midst of unspoiled nature, man has built castles, monasteries, large monumental villas, isolated houses in the countryside or grouped in villages, towns and cities.
The mistake many make is to believe that the term landscape should refer only to the countryside; in reality the term landscape extends to the whole territory, therefore also to the city.
The Natural Landscape
In the natural landscape the state of original nature predominates and the signs of human activity do not exist or are insignificant.
The Agricultural Landscape
In the agricultural landscape man has changed the nature of the place through the use of natural elements; the creation of this landscape takes place through the man who intervenes on nature by planting trees, crops and much more. The Tuscan countryside with its rows of vineyards is a typical example of an agricultural landscape.
The Rural Landscape
With this term we define the environment outside the city which can be cultivated and characterized by scattered buildings such as farmhouses, farmhouses, farmhouses, bagli and other typical buildings of the Italian countryside. This
The Urban Landscape
This is the landscape that characterizes the city, here the man's work predominates totally and the only visible traces of nature are the gardens, the tree-lined avenues, the sea, the rivers and the lakes.
Study the landscape
The landscape as we see it is the result of continuous changes due to natural, social and economic factors that can be linked to events that are also distant in time. Examining the landscape it is often possible to rediscover what man has done in the past; from the observation and study of the landscape we can learn to read the history of man and his origins. Through the landscape we rediscover testimonies of everyday life that took place in the villages and in the fields where our ancestors lived and worked.
Historical dwellings and landscape protection
The territory that surrounds us is rich in visible testimonies of the past world, these testimonies must be protected defending them from the destructive actions of man. Historic homes are very often surrounded by parks, estates, gardens, woods, fields; the owners of these ancient houses commit themselves every day so that this natural heritage remains protected. The Italian historical dwellings, often the homes of large agricultural properties, represent real territorial garrisons. The owners of these ancient houses are guardians of a fundamental heritage for the preservation of the country's landscape and cultural identity.
The historic houses have a very high landscape value and therefore represent a fundamental element for the defense of the Italian landscape.
Through the protection of the landscape very important documents of our past and our traditions are preserved. The Italian landscape is the expression of an ancient past and it is our duty to maintain its integrity.