Villa Reale of Marlia in Capannori
La Villa Marlia (XVII century), surrounded by high walls that seem to protect it from passing time, rises to LuccaIn the heart of Tuscany, in a privileged position at the foot of the Pizzorne plateau. Considered one of the most important historical residences of Italy, in the nineteenth century it was the residence of Elisa Bonaparte Baciocchi, sister of Napoleon and Princess of Lucca.
In the place where today stands Villa Reale, in the early Middle Ages, there was a palace of the Dukes of Tuscia. When the property passed to the noble Buonvisi, a Lucchese family of merchants and bankers, the old building had already been transformed into a two-story stately home. The characteristic that distinguished it from the other surrounding was its grandeur, with beautiful gardens and fountains to surround it.
In 1651 Lelio and Oliviero Orsetti bought the property Buonvisi raising the new Villa, several times enlarged, after having demolished a large part of the building purchased. The great transformation project ended with the construction of a building in style late Renaissance which dominated the large lawn in front of it. There Villa Orsetti, which had become a compact rectangular shape, was marked by the ashlar on the corners, while the façade in the valley was characterized by a terrace above the entrance portal.
During the Napoleonic period Elisa Bonaparte Baciocchi bought the property in 1806. From this moment on the Villa became "Reale", from the title of Elisa regina dell'Etruria. You also did not want to miss the opportunity to make changes to the building and entrusted the transformation to the architects Pierre-Théodore Bienaimé and subsequently to Giuseppe Marchelli, who respected the building's cubature, but changed their face to the dwelling: the eighteenth-century lines of the building disappeared Palazzo Orsetti, of which the attic floor was raised and built a new level of attic service, to obtain three floors of equal height, divided by double frames. On the outside, on the north façade, a porch was built and an Italian-style terrace was built. On the ground floor the windows of the building were replaced with doors almost simulating a continuous loggia in place of the windows of the ancient Villa Orsetti.
To date, the new owners are bringing the Villa back to its former glory in collaboration with the Superintendency, which follows the restoration work with great care.
The story of Villa Reale di Marlia
The visit to the Park of Villa Reale gives the surprise to immerse yourself in an ancient past that has its roots in the Middle Ages. It is from this period that the extraordinary story of the Villa Reale begins, the result of a series of transformations that took place over the centuries thanks to famous people and royal dynasties.
During the Early Middle Ages, the structure was inhabited by the Duke of Tuscia; subsequently the property passed to the noble Buonvisi, a family from Lucca, merchants and bankers who transformed the fortress into a stately building. The historic residence was then purchased in the 1651 by Olivieri and Lelio Orsetti who made changes to the Villa and gave the Park a new arrangement of Baroque taste with the creation of courtyards, paths and scenic gardens such as the Teatro di Verzura and the Giardino dei Limoni. The two noble Lucchesi are also responsible for the construction of the elegant Palazzina dell'Orologio, which is dedicated to hosting the rooms of the farm and the stable. During the Napoleonic period Elisa Bonaparte Baciocchi bought the property in the 1806 thus transforming it into "Villa Reale": home of the queen of Etruria. She is responsible for the major interventions that transformed the structure of the building and the gardens. The adjoining Villa del Vescovo was annexed to the complex and the façades of the ancient Palazzo Orsetti acquired a neoclassical style. Also the Park was partially redesigned according to the eighteenth-century fashion of the English Garden and was also embellished with statues and vases made of the precious white marble of the Euganean Academy of Carrara. After the fall of Napoleon, the Villa Reale passed to Carlo Ludovico di Borbone and in the second half of the nineteenth century the period residence became the property of the king of Italy Vittorio Emanuele II, who decided to sell it to Penelope Carolina, widow of Charles of Bourbon prince of Capua. The princess, together with her two children, spent several years in the Royal residence placed at their disposal. When Penelope Carolina died in 1882, the Marlia complex remained with her two sons, Vittoria Augusta and Francesco Carlo, whose mental illness brought him the nickname "Crazy Prince". On the death of Vittoria, the Villa Reale complex was put up for sale and the movable property went to auction, while many trees in the Park were cut down to produce timber.
At the beginning of the twentieth century, Il Conte and the Countess Pecci-Blunt fell madly in love and bought the property in the 1923. The following year they commissioned the famous French architect Jacques Greber to restore the Park with the aim of combining tradition and innovation. The romantic framework of the park was thus enriched with woods, streams, a lake and bucolic elements.
In addition to the noble owners, in the historic residence they found the ideal size, in an unrepeatable climate at the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, famous personalities such as violinist and composer Paganini, who used to play his famous instrument for Elisa Baciocchi in the context of the Theater of Verzura, and the American artist John Singer Sargent, who delighted in painting and interpreting the most evocative glimpses of the Park.
Services: exclusive events locations in Tuscany
Prices for private events and weddings to be agreed
Opening hours for visits
1 March - 31 October
every day from 10:00 All 18:00
1 November - 28 February
every Sunday and holidays
From 10:00 All 16:00
Last 30 entry minutes before closing time.
On the days and in the closing hours the visit is possible by reservation.
Dogs on a leash can access the Park.
NB Please note that the Villa is undergoing restoration and can not be visited.