La Basilica of San Petronio is the most important church in Bologna and, despite being unfinished, it is the sixth largest church inEurope, dopo Saint Peter's in the Vatican, Saint Paul in London Seville Cathedral, Milan Cathedral and Florence Cathedral.
With its imposing dimensions (132 meters in length and 60 in width, height of the vault of 44,27 meters, while that of the facade stands at 51 meters), it dominates the beautiful square Greater. It is the last great late Gothic work of Italy, begun shortly after Milan Cathedral .
Its construction, under the direction of Antonio di Vincenzo, is due to the decision of Council of the seventeenth century in Bologna, to build a temple dedicated to the Bishop Petronio, patron of the city from 1253; the first stone was laid on June 7 1390, in a solemn procession.
Very famous the Petronian musical chapel whose most prestigious symbol is the oldest organo still in use, built around the 1470 da Lorenzo da Prato.
Giacomo Ranuzzi started the marble coating, which was never completed, in 1538 on drawing of Domenico from Varignana. The finished portion is decorated with works by sculptors Jacopo della Quercia, Aspertini Friend e Alfonso Lombardi.
The Porta Magna
The central portal, started in 1425, is an absolute masterpiece of Jacopo della Quercia. Sui pillars scenes from theOld Testament, On 'archivolt 18 prophets, On 'architravand stories of the New Testament and on eardrum la “Madonna with Child"And "Sant'Ambrogio and San Petronio". The central part of the tympanum is instead the work of Amico Aspertini.
The side doors
Extraordinary the "Resurrection" by Alfonso Lombardi on the left door and "Deposition" by Amico Aspertini on the right door.
The interior of the temple, although built in different eras, is characterized by an admirable classical sense, therefore far from the Oltremontano Gothic. It is divided into three naves supported by ten polygon rib pylons, on which the strings and times. in lower aisles they open twenty-two chapels.
The most important restoration area of facade it was executed between 1972 and 1979 from Superintendency for artistic and historical assets, bringing Jacopo della Quercia's masterpiece and the entire stone face back to their pristine splendor. This restoration represents the first example of a new multidisciplinary scientific approach for the conservation of stone materials.
Among the historical events that marked the life of the basilica, the most significant are theImperial Coronation of Charles V (1530) and the celebration of the IX and X session . Council of Trent (1547).
Piazza Galvani, 5, 40124 Bologna - Telephone: 051 231415
Orari apertura: 07:45–14:00, 15:00–18:00
The Holy Mass is celebrated:
in weekdays at 8 - 11 (Saturday also at 17)
And in the holidays at 8 - 9 - 10 - 11,30 - 18