The Borgo Cornalese in Villastellone
Borgo Cornalese is an architectural complex located just outside Villastellone, less than half an hour by car or train from Turin.
The complex consists of the eighteenth-century Villa dei Conti de Maistre, a large park of 16 hectares, a mill of '500, an ancient millennial village consisting of two farm courts of over 11.000 square meters being restored and a beautiful church in neoclassical style dedicated to the Madonna of Sorrows.
Borgo Cornalese and in particular the Villa de Maistre is the ideal location for television, film and advertising productions, photo and video shooting and events such as car gatherings or sporting and fair activities.
Production houses, events organizations and communication companies have ample open spaces and some interiors of both the main house and the side courtyards that can satisfy the most varied needs: industrial environments, old barns, stables, a mill with millstones original stone, long porticos, a garden with a large rose garden and one of the largest magnolias of Piedmont, a park of 16 hectares, long avenues of poplars or lime trees, over 180
hectares of uncontaminated agricultural land with still some woods and a swamp, a private chapel, historic places like the lemon-house and woodshed, elegant rooms with original frescoes.
It is a very large area, but logistically very practical enough to have been baptized by local newspapers such as the Cinecittà of the Province of Turin.
The Villa is one of the main attractions of the area adjacent to the CollinaPo Park and the entire Borgo Cornalese area is included among the main beauties of the UNSECO MAB (Man and Biosphere) program.
In the Italian garden of the Villa there are over 100 roses of various types and colors, while the park of 16 hectares is composed of oaks, limes, beeches, poplars and many other plants that every year host several species of migratory birds such as woodcocks, swallows , pigeons and bee eaters.
The emblem of the same town of Villastellone shows the golden marigolds that are taken from the de Maistre family crest.
The history of the Borgo Cornalese
The recent studies conducted on the settlement of Borgo Cornalese allow us to redefine, with a good approximation, a different story from the one that until today told of an alleged ancient settlement of Bulgari.
Both the analysis of the walls and the investigations carried out on the archival documentation revealed a complex history with ancient origins.
The buildings tell us about a millennial settlement, a fortified building in defense of the territory, located at the tip of the Poirino plateau; a first settlement has been identified, perhaps Templar, which can be placed in the year 1000 approximately, around which all the fortified shelters have been developed and organized.
There are still traces of an ancient square tower, which was almost certainly in defense of an early city wall; then we find a portion of a round tower, whose ruins were later used as a dovecote.
The vicolo del Borgo - the old courtyard - offers a glimpse of the fourteenth-century castle, with its beautiful walls with styled joints and supporting buttresses; there are still some traces of frescoed plaster, from the posthumous period to the first plant.
Coffered ceilings, vaults, cellars and ice-houses make us travel in remote centuries, even if the centuries, the struggles between the lords and the depredations, have left the ancient architectures without any removable decoration.
The history of this aggregate, with a unitary appearance, but with buildings with very different typological characteristics, expresses through its walls an age-old development, also supported by archival correspondence.
The history, ascertained, starts from the lineage of the Aleramo, of Salic origin, and develops between the Marquisate of Saluzzo, that of the Monferrato and that of the Vasto.
Archival research in fact leads us to the court of Emperor Frederick I ° who in 1163 confirms the possession of the Feudo di Borgaro (one of the ancient names of Borgo Cornalese) to the Marquis of Romagnano.
In the 1224 the white monks of the Casanova Abbey, Cistercian friars, get permission from Lorenzo di Borgaro to build the canal that will become the Gora di Borgo in the 1285 and on which today we find the mill, rebuilt in the 1597.
The elders of the village (a special thanks to Augustus who gave us precious traces to follow), have always mentioned a building like the Castle, whose existence has been ratified by documents that speak of the Castello di Borgo from the early years of the 1300 .
Between the 1300 and 1600 the territories of Borgo Cornalese are the scene of numerous bloody battles that make the village the object of looting and destruction, evidence of some traces on the oldest buildings. They leave only more to glimpse the presence of a plan higher than the current, certainly destroyed and no longer rebuilt.
Borgo Cornalese maintains its strategic importance up to about half of the 1500, when the most important centers begin to have fortified walls, while the small defensive feuds cease to function.
Little by little the village is transformed and becomes an agricultural center under the "new" villa: the current Villa de Maistre.
The Costa family, treasurers of the D'Acaya princes, settled there in 1300 and remained there until the end of the 700. Between the 1799 and the 1816, the village was aggregated to the territory of Villastellone. The nineteenth century Church Beata Vergine dei Dolori was built in 1850 by Duke Eugène-Alexandre Laval of Montmorency Montmorency, husband of Anne-Constance de Maistre, daughter of the philosopher Joseph de Maistre. It is a building of fine architectural work with neoclassical lines.
Today the town retains the aspect of a self-sufficient medieval agricultural village, although it includes some buildings of a more recent era, including the Church and the splendid Villa dei Conti de Maistre with its park.
The still working water mill is put into action by the waters of Bealera or Gora di Borgo.
* Borgo Cornalese is mentioned as Borgo, Borgo di Borgo, Borgaro and many other variants
References come from:
• Turin State Archive
• Historic Archive of Carmagnola
• Casanova's carton
And numerous publications by the Society for Historical, Archaeological and Artistic Studies of the Province of Cuneo.
Borgo Cornalese is the subject of an ambitious project of conservation restoration that will last many years and involves over 20.000 square meters of historic buildings.
For this reason it hosts professional artisans who know how to carry out important restoration works of frescoes, plasters, fixtures, furniture, works of art and walls, but not only: great attention is given to the new materials needed to restore buildings such as resins, lime, colors and tapestries.
Used as location to film productions, television and advertising, Borgo Cornalese laboratories are suitable for the needs of each production company: decoration, set design, restoration and installations.
Moreover, Ludovico de Maistre, responsible for the location, is the founder of one production and communication company able to offer all the necessary services such as:
- photo services e video
- service cinema (generators, lighting, statues, special effects, etc.)
- video operators
- scenography e custom made arrangements
- post production and assembly
- runner assistance, qualified personnel and more
- permit management and public land occupation
Within the location there are numerous possibilities of parcheggio even for large vehicles and there are spaces for each type of generator set.
Also I am available:
- decoration workshops, scenography e restoration with professional artisans directly on site.
- Agricultural vehicles and earthmoving available for every need
- Electricity with meters from 15 to 35 Kw