The Castle of Gabiano
Il Gabiano Castle, located in Piedmont, has more than a thousand years of history.
Already in the eighth century the Bull signed by Charlemagne mentions the "Cortem magnam names Gabianam",. In 1164, Frederick I grants ambitious investiture to William II of Monferrato. From this date, and due to the strategic and economic importance of the Castle and its district, sieges and wars begin that are inscribed in the history book. The fief passed to the Montiglio, the Gonzaga, Ferdinando di Mantova, who ceded the Castle to Agostino Durazzo in 1622. There are accounting documents in the municipal registers which already attest to around the year 1000, in Gabiano an economy based on vine and wine. Today Giacomo Cattaneo Adorno, the last Marquis of Gabiano, together with his wife Emanuela, passionate and determined, want to capture the value of the territory and extract the raw material at best, so that the Casato wine tradition, updated to the enlightened enology technology, continues , with high quality wines linked to the territory, able to cope with the great old wines.
The village of Gabiano alone covers one of the smallest and oldest DOC in Italy: "A Matilde Giustiniani" Gabiano DOC Riserva. The remaining range of wines all DOC and DOCG: "La Braja" Barbera d'Asti DOCG, "Il Ruvo" Grignolino del Monferrato Casalese DOC, Rubino di Cantavenna DOC, "Gavius" Monferrato Rosso DOC, "Castelvere" Monferrato Chiaretto DOC, " Court "Monferrato Bianco DOC," Adornes "Barbera d'Asti Superiore DOCG," Castello "Piemonte Chardonnay DOC.
Il Castle also proposes aexclusive and charming hospitality. After a few years of careful restoration, the doors of the Casa Caccia are opened: 4 Luxury Suites e 2 Apartments for romantic guests, ideal environments to discover and savor in complete relaxation the fascinating world of wine. At the foot of the Castle Fortress in the warmer months guests can relax around the pool.
At the tasting room and the adjacent Wine Shop the possibility is offered to buy and taste besides fine wines of the estate also selected local products. The recently opened "3 Orologi" Farmhouse, located in the ancient medieval court, offers the possibility to continue the taste experience and try a tasting menu with dishes based on traditional recipes and organic and zero-kilometer products, including autumn season, also the rare white truffle of the area. The view as far as the eye can see the intact landscape is worth the visit.
Around the Castle you can enjoy a majestic park of about 5 hectares that contains a very rare Labyrinth. Guests can walk around a real monument, considered one of the rare examples left in the sphere of the historical labyrinths of Piedmont".
The history of the Castle of Gabiano
Situated in a dominant position on the Po valley, the castle of Gabiano, one of the oldest and the largest in the Monferrato, is mentioned in the sources as early as the 8th century.
In the 1164 is donated by Federico Barbarossa to the Marquis Guglielmo II of Monferrato and, over the centuries by various families, it is finally sold in 1624, together with the marquisate, by Duke Ferdinando Gonzaga to Agostino Durazzo to settle the debts contracted by the court of Mantua with the noble Genoese family.
The Durazzo dynasty would descend from Giorgio di Durazzo of Albania who, due to the persecution of the Turks, would abandon his land and would arrive in Genoa in 1389. From silk artisans to merchants in Genoa, Antwerp and Venice, the Durres reach the height of their power at the end of the sixteenth century with the transition from commercial to financial activity and with the conquest of the slate in 1573. Nove Durazzo were Doges of the Republic of Genoa.
In his residence in via Balbi, Palazzo Durazzo Pallavicini, commissioned to architect Bartolomeo Bianco in 1618 by Giò Agostino Balbi, Giacomo Filippo starts work on the construction of the staircase in neoclassical style by the architect Andrea Tagliafichi in 1774. interventions also in the villas of Multedo and Cornigliano. In the same period he undertook the "restoration" of the castle of Gabiano transforming it into a "holiday palace". His interest in botany leads him to take care, in particular, of the development of the garden and its enlargement. The castle renovation works begin in 1789 and end in 1793.
In the nineteenth century a heavy restoration erases its turreted appearance and only in 1907, following the collapse of a tower, the Marquis Giacomo Durazzo Pallavicini decides to restore the medieval character of the building and bring it back to its original forms, starting from the reconstruction of the south wing. On the advice of Alfredo d'Andrade, Superintendent of the monuments of Piedmont, Liguria and Val d'Aosta, the Marquis calls the young architect Lamberto Cusani, who had already carried out some restoration work in Emilia.
Restoration work, interrupted with the advent of the Great War, is resumed at the beginning of the 1920s. Matilde Durazzo Pallavicini "with exquisite artistic sense, wants to give back to its castle the original splendor of medieval manor" writes the architect, who with artists and workers lavishes himself with enthusiasm in this "poetic rebirth of the castle", where "it seems that time goes backwards through the centuries: you live in a medieval atmosphere ".
The labyrinth is included in this immense work. The latter is one of the rare examples documented in the historical gardens of Piedmont (there is a labyrinth no longer present in the villa Solaro della Margarita in Margarita and in the castle of Masino). It is of exceptional importance not only for its rarity but also for the historical period in which it was realized that, as confirmed by the analysis of the specimens of Buxus sempervirens that delimit the paths, dates back to the thirties of the twentieth century, a period in which 'now well-known landscape taste was integrated with formal gardens located in the immediate vicinity of the residence but never with the forms of a maze. The only documented case in which the dedalic theme was resumed is the project of the Labyrinth in the Virginian Bosco Bosco in Mantua (of which only a trace remains), drawn up by the Turin architect Giuseppe Roda. As in Mantua, the labyrinth of Gabiano evokes the return to the past and is part of the restoration project entrusted by the Marquise Matilde Giustiniani to the Parmesan architect Lamberto Cusani who is responsible for the current neo-medieval appearance of the castle and its appurtenances.
The location of the labyrinth in the heart of the park emphasizes the contrast between the rigid and geometric lines of the plant and the natural park that surrounds it, recalling the medieval concept of forest as a natural labyrinth (park) and labyrinth as an artificial forest where nature is rigorously manipulated and controlled by man.
Luxury Suites, Apartments and Rooms are located inside
of the small village where the old hunting lodge and shops have been recently renovated
with respect and attention, highlighting the view of the Castle and the surrounding landscape.
tasting & wine:
wine shop: at the entrance of the castle, it welcomes guests a space where they can taste and buy the wines of the castle.
tasting room: placed above the vineyards, it is the ideal environment for wine tasting and food-wine pairing. The large tables host about 36 covered, also offers the possibility of staging for meetings and conferences for 60 people around.
"3 Orologi" Farmhouse: In this place of flavors and culture of taste, you can taste the wines of the estate and taste dishes of the tradition of Gabiano.
The bright and furnished rooms following the historic architecture of the medieval village and the old barn, have a view that is lost on the unspoiled landscape of Monferrato, reaching the plain of the river and the mountains. Ideal location to enjoy a gourmet break, a convivial meal, setting up company meetings, cooking classes and exclusive events. Max. 60 covered.
Places of interest near the Castle of Gabiano
The Monferrato, the region where the Castle of Gabiano is located, together with the territory of Langhe and Roero, entered in June 2014 within the UNESCO HERITAGE sites!
A unique territory, to be discovered, linked to the ancient art of cultivating the vine and producing wine!
Moncalvo (21 km) and Murisengo (17 km) truffle villages with characteristic medieval historical centers
Cellamonte (23 km) small cozy village with houses built in sandstone. The cellars of this area, the "Infernot" dug into the rock, have recently been included in the World Heritage sites
Casale (25 km), the historical capital of Monferrato from the 15th to the 16th century, elegant reference point for the Baroque architecture of its palaces and churches.
Vercelli (41 km) European rice capital, an important commercial and agricultural center
Sanctuary of the Sacred Mount of Crea (15 km), Unesco Heritage. Nestled in the woods of a natural park of 47 acres, at 47 meters. The church dedicated to Santa Maria Assunta is of Romanesque origin.
The city of Turin (57 km): the museums, the noble streets of the center and the circuit of Savoy residences of the surroundings.
Do not miss: The Reggia di Venaria.
Alexandria (57 km) rich in civil and religious architecture from the fifteenth century
Alba (74 km), cultural and food and wine center of the Langhe
Asti (41 km) lively and picturesque.
Genoa (139 km), fascinating and multicultural city km
Milan (133 km) center of design and fashion km