Matera, a city among the oldest in the world whose territory preserves evidence of human settlements starting from the Paleolithic and without interruptions to the present day, is also known as the City of the Sassi, unique example in the world of rock settlement and the third most anti-historic city in the world.
It's a city completely carved into the rock, a set of caves superimposed on each other, which over time have changed shape to adapt to the needs of their inhabitants, but have always characterized the existence of the Matera inhabitants.
That's why i Sassi of Matera represent a work of art whose creation was attended by hundreds of thousands of artists united by one goal: live by what nature offered them and secure a roof under which to live.
The entire inhabited rock is formed by the districts (Sasso) Caveoso, (Stone) Barisano and Civita. Along the many alleys it is possible to stop to see the numerous rock churches, the ancient ovens, channeling system e collection of the rainwater, system that represents an important example of how man has managed to live in places lacking in water, exploiting ingenuity and developing a creative and efficient system.
Everything is rock. The forms change, but the substance remains the same, present and widespread everywhere. In spring and in summer i Sassi they take on a color that is halfway between the Mediterranean and the sub-desert colors of the Sahara. In autunno and in winterinstead, with a color tending to brown gray, they blend with the sky and the surrounding area.
Curiosity: One of the aspects that surely amazes of the Sassi of Matera it's the way they went from being there shame of Italy to be the first UNESCO site southern Italy and again the European Capital of Culture for the 2019.